Artificial Insemination with Donor Semen
Usually referred to as Donor Insemination or DI, this treatment is indicated when a male partner has:
1) no sperm (azoospermia)
2) when a sperm count is so low (oligospermia), that pregnancy is highly unlikely
3) for single or lesbian women seeking a pregnancy
Other indications may include sterilization (i.e. vasectomy), a genetic defect, testicular injury, surgery or cancer therapy.
Donor semen is obtained from a sperm bank , which specializes in the cryopreservation (freezing) of sperm for DI and for storage of sperm for individual men for their own use in the future. This last method is used frequently, for example, with male partners who are unable to produce a semen specimen on demand or if the male partner travels frequently. The sperm can be stored (frozen) and the wife can continue with inseminations uninterrupted.
All semen donors are anonymous, and undergo rigorous screening for medical and genetic diseases, all sexually transmitted diseases including AIDS (HIV-1/2, HTLV-1/2) and Hepatitis. Each semen specimen is quarantined for a minimum of six months (180 days), to ensure negative HIV-1/2, HTLV-1/2, Hepatitis and sexually transmitted diseases. ReproMed Ltd., follows strict guidelines set forth by Health Canada - Food and Drug Act -Processing and Distribution of Semen for Assisted Conception Regulations , the American Association of Tissue Banks, the Canadian Fertility and Andrology Society, the American Fertility Society and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada. A detailed information packet will be given to you, outlining the above as well as the donor catalogue, the pregnancy rates and other pertinent detailed information. If you wish, very detailed donor portfolio's are available on each donor specifically describing each donor and all non-identifying information regarding the donor, his family and health history for three generations. A Data Assisted Donor Selection (D.A.D.S.TM) consultation is scheduled with the clinic coordinator to assist you in making your donor selection, detailed explanation of the process of Donor Insemination within our program and the consent form is signed. We recommend that your partner take part in the donor selection process. Your husband (if applicable) is required to sign the consent form agreeing to treatment.
Women who have no reproductive problems and are under the age of 35, can expect a pregnancy rate of 74% at 6 cycles of insemination. As in any fertility treatment, as a woman ages over 30, or if any other reproductive problems are present, success rates may be lower. Success rates drop slightly again at age 35 and more significantly at age 40.
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